Why Add "UP" to Verbs?
I got a question about adding “UP” to certain verbs and this learner wanted to know more. As I did more research, I was plunged into a rabbit hole of research and it turned out to be much more complicated than I first realised! I decided to try to tackle this topic in a podcast episode.
Because there’s a lot to talk about, this is just part 1. If you like this episode, let me know! I’ll do my best to make a part 2 if this one goes well.
In this episode, I talk about what a phrasal verb is, how ‘up’ can change the meaning of verbs, and 4 different grammar patterns you can learn to help you understand these words.
4 Grammar Patterns for 'Up'
This lesson isn’t complete. This is just part one because it’s a big topic! Part 2 will be coming soon.
Use 1: To Increase or Improve
- Save up money = Increase money
- Level Up – improve and go to the next level
- Clean up – increase cleanliness
- Clear up – increase clarity (sky, skin…)
- Listen up – increase your attention
- Bulk up – increase size
- Hurry up – increase speed
- Speak up – speak louder
Use 2: To Get Better
- To make up – to fix a relationship
- To heal up – wound gets better
- Sober up – stop being drunk
- Cheer up – get happier
- Brighten up – weather gets better
Use 3: To Move Up
- Get up – rise from sitting or lying down
- Button up / do up – attach the buttons on your shirt from bottom to top
- Fill up – fill from bottom to top
- Hang up (phone)
Use 4: To Complete Something
- Eat up – eat and finish
- Drink up
- Finish up – emphasises completion
- Wrap up – end something
- Clean up
- Grow up – grow until you finish growing (become an adult)
- Heat up
- Pack up
- Dry up
Can you think of any more examples for these 4 uses?
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